Balinese Building Structure
Traditional Balinese house is very unique because it are not in one entity under one roof but divided into several spaces that stand alone and have their respective functions. Shape each of the buildings in traditional Balinese house vary, so the shape of the structure is different but have in common is to have the legs or base of the building in the form of “bebaturan”, the body part or the middle in the form of pillars (“saka”), the walls and the top parts is building’s roof ,
On the basis of traditional Balinese architecture building called the “bebaturan”. The function of “bebaturan” is as the foundation of the building. High bebaturan vary according to building function and hierarchy. The foundation of traditional Balinese buildings are of two kinds are : foundations constantly and local foundation. Foundations constantly function sustains the wall, while the local foundation or in the traditional Balinese architecture known as “asu jongkok” (squat dog serves) to prop up poles or pillars.
In the middle (center) in the form of walls, pillars (“saka”). The material used in the wall is of brick and limestone. Wall in traditional Balinese buildings not related to the construction building. Pillars (“saka”) is major construction on a traditional Balinese buildings. The number of the columns (pillars) on the building became the name of the building, such as: “bale saka roras” has twelve pillars, “bale sakenem” there has 6 pillars and so on.
A roof is the main part (head) on traditional Balinese architecture. Shape roof of the building on a traditional Balinese residences differ according to function.
Ornaments used in traditional Balinese house is very diverse. At the base of the building there is ornament in the form of an elephant’s head, according to the shape of “karang asti” or “karang gajah” has a meaning as a pillar of the building because elephants are more robust and large. At the top of the ornament there “karang asti” with “karang goak” ornament. “Karang goak” symbolizes crows. There was also a “karang tapel” and other ornaments in the form “pepatran” or decorated with carvings of vines. On the roof there is also a form of “murda” as the crown ornament of the building.